Workers in the supply chain of Levi Strauss in Madagascar suffer exploitation

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American fashion brand Levi Strauss makes the clothes in Madagascar (Africa). Although the brand stresses its concenr about caring labor conditions, the supply chain is very complex, and some workers are still clearly exploited, as Van Badhan stated in her article:

“Levi Strauss may have been the first multinational apparel company to establish workplace codes of conduct for their direct suppliers, but the modern, globalised supply chain is far longer than the direct suppliers covered by Levi’s existing policies. The protestors claim Levi’s products are shipped out from their seven factories in Madagascar though a port at Toamasina where the dockworkers who handle the products are subject to appalling exploitation by their employer. The International Transport Workers’ Federation has been publicly profiling dockworkers who have toiled for decades without employment contracts, in dangerous conditions with long hours. They’re paid as little as $40 a month and 43 of them who have tried to join a union have recently been sacked, in breach of international and local labour law.The immediate call from the activists is that Levi’s extend their supply chain code of conduct to transport workers, as well as join the coalition of those demanding the Madagascan government take action and enforce the law. But the standoff in Toamasina has, of course, a broader relevance among international discussions about governance, fairness, labour and the supply chain – which is why the protests against Levi’s have been international”.

Therefore, workers earning $40 a month in the supply chain of a brand that obtained more than $291 million of net income in 2016 (


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